top of page



Probate is a legal process through which the assets of a deceased person are properly distributed to the heirs or beneficiaries under a Will. If there is no Will, the assets would be distributed as per the State's intestacy statute. The court oversees the estate to make sure debts are paid and a proper distribution of assets is made. 

There are three types of probate proceedings in the State of Florida

Formal Administration

Formal administration is necessary when probatable assets $75,000, and/or when it is necessary to appoint a representative to act on behalf of the estate. Probate assets do not generally include homestead property if left to a qualifying beneficiary. Other assets not generally counted include jointly owned assets, accounts with a beneficiary designation, and retirement accounts/life insurance with designated beneficiaries. 


At the time of appointment, Letters of Administration are issued to the personal representative by the Court giving him or her the authority to complete the administration of the estate. The Court oversees the administration of the estate to ensure the decedent’s debts are paid and that correct distribution to the heirs and/or beneficiaries. The Personal Representative must be a Florida resident or a blood relative of the deceased.

Formal administration proceedings are initiated by filing a petition requesting the appointment of a personal representative. The attorney for the personal representative prepares and files the petition and other required documents. The appointed personal representative is then responsible for the estate, paying all debts of the decedent and distributing the balance of the estate to the rightful beneficiaries.


Formal administrations generally take anywhere from six months up to several years and beyond depending on the complexities of the situation. Taxable estate are generally open longer as well as those involving litigation.

Get in Touch
bottom of page